Holy Mountain

Historical and archaeological data of the River Pchinja valley as a natural corridor located in the central part of the Balkan Peninsula are recording the great importance of the valley in the times of constant movement of the people as well as war expeditions that were passing in the north-south direction. Visiting this region on the left bank of the River Pchinja it is easy to notice the uncommon shape of the mountain pick Taticev Kamen, dominant on the east horizon.

Specific form and natural fissures of the adenzite rocks enabled pre-historical people rellatvly easy to shape structures used as mountain sanctuary, as well as the elements of the megalithic observatory. All these structures are placed on a two scale-like platforms with 20 metres of height difference.

Archaeological researches on the site started in 2001 and with the first excavations it was evident that this will be one of the richest Bronze Age archaeological sites in Republic of Macedonia.
Systematically organised archaeological researches that continued during the next years discovered huge amount of archaeological material, first of all terracotta pots fragments like for example: big and small size of bows,  bigger bi-conical amphoral-like pots, forms of a food cooking pots, several types of cups and cantarosovical vassals, stone axes, corn hand mils, pyramidal weights and etc.

Excavation of a kelt for crafting bronze axes is of special importance as well as key-rings-like found for the first time in Macedonia and in the wider region. Shapes of the terracotta pots chronological belong to the entire Bronze Age period in Republic of Macedonia, where the earliest findings are dated in the period of the early Bronze Age (19 – 17 century B.C.), but vassals from the Late Bronze Age are more dominant (14 – 11 century B.C.).

They are represented with monochromic terracotta that in different variations can be found on the wider central-Balkan, south-Trakkian and Macedonian area, but containing elements of a local evolution. In this direction, the closest parallel are with the terracotta of the same time period found in the pre-historical settlements in the middle and lower region of Povardarie, and the one dated from the late Bronze Age with the terracotta of other cultural groups that lived along the valley of the river Juzna Morava.

The latest researches and findings of the artefacts provide evidence that the site was settled in the 7th century B.C. that extends its utilization for more than 1200 years. As a result of that site but also the wider area is full of huge amounts of fragmented terracotta.

More of the site’s topographic characteristics such as the good visibility from the top of the hill, reached with the wide access path lightened by the Sun, confirm the utilization of the site as a sacred mountain where mountain rituals were performed connected to the pre-historical people believes that the rocky mountain pick is place where Gods are present and where it is possible to communicate with them.